The Kapucijnenhof was one of the original houses owned by the Nassau family. The house has been there since before 1352. The fire of 1534 destroyed the building but it had been rebuilt by 1538. A few traces of the renovation were left uncovered at the back of the building. The house owes its name to the ‘kapucijner’ monks who briefly lived there.
The trick with the peat barge during the Capture of Breda is one of the most famous events of the Eighty Years’ War. The Spaniards had taken over Breda. To fight back, prince Maurits came up with a clever trick inspired by the Trojan Horse. On the 4th of March 1590, seventy soldiers hid inside a barge filled with peat that was meant for the Castle of Breda. Once the barge had entered through the city walls, the soldiers could take over the Castle and the city in no time.
The commander of these soldiers was the noble Charles de Héraugière. He was rewarded governorship of the castle, the city and the land of Breda for his heroic act. He bought this house in 1597. A cesspit was found during an archeological investigation in the courtyard. This was a great discovery for archeologists as the layers of disposed items in cesspits can give a clear indication of the history of a place. One of the found items was a drinking glass shaped like a canon. This valuable gem almost certainly belonged to Charles de Héraugière.
The small house in the courtyard is a former carriage house.